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|Jun 2, 2008 13:49|
|I don't know if this will help, but:|
的 - Wenlin provides no definition for this character calling it a grammatical particle
得 - Get, reach, achieve and is "grammatical"
地 - Wenlin says this means earth but also suggests that it is an adverbial particle
Clear as mud! Correct?
Perhaps the pros here can shed brighter light on your question.
|Jun 6, 2008 22:37|
Here's a very SIMPLE rundown of the BASIC usages:
的 It is VERY commonly used in Chinese.
1) this is a particle used to denote ownership, for example in English "my"
EG: 我的书 (my book), 你的朋友(your friend),这本书是谁的？(Whose book is this?)
2) it is used to modify a noun with an adjective
EG: 新的书 (new book), 最好的朋友 (best friend)
得 can be a verb, pronounced dei, which means "to have to/must"
EG: 我得去 (I must go)
得, with the same pronunciation as 的 is a particle that connects a verb with a "complement" (usually an adj), sorry I don't know the exact terms.
EG: 我起得早 (I get up early: 起 the verb "to get up", 早 is the adj "early")
EG: 我汉语说得好 (I speak Chinese well, 说 verb "to speak" 好 adj "good/well")
地 can be a noun, meaning "earth"/"place" and pronounced di
EG: 地方(place), 地球 (Earth, planet)
地 as a particle is the same pronunciation as 的 and 得 (confusingly enough... it doesn't matter when you're speaking, but if you're writing you need to know the difference). It is used before a verb, to modify the verb with an adjective and makes the adj become an adv (in English)
EG: 我高兴地说 (I said happily 高兴 adj "happy", 说 verb "to speak")
EG: 我小声地问 （i asked quietly 笑声 adj "quiet" 问 verb "to ask")
I hope this makes a bit of sense.
There's a general rule that can be applied to 的，地，得 as particles, that helps when you first start learning:
的 + NOUN
地 + VERB
得 + ADJECTIVE
It's about 90% accurate!
|Mar 12, 2016 11:52|
|GUEST46142||Generally, 的 is always placed before nouns, 地 before verbs & adjectives, 得 after verbs.|
|Apr 26, 2016 01:38|
|The differences between 的, 得 and 地 in Chinese are like their, they’re and there.|
|Jun 3, 2019 18:39|
|GUESTPATRICK...||I'm Chinese & I hope my answer is not too late.|
You can learn by this:
adj. + 的 + noun. (e.g. 红色的苹果 a red apple)
verb + 得 + adverb. (e.g. 跑得很快 run fast)
adv. + 地 + verb. (e.g. 认真地写 write carefully)
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